Physical addiction refers to the dependence on a drug or substance as a result of changes in the body's chemistry. It is characterized by withdrawal symptoms, cravings, and tolerance. An example of physical addiction is the dependence on opioids after prolonged use.
Psychological addiction on the other hand, is the dependence on a substance or behavior due to psychological factors such as anxiety, stress, or depression. It is characterized by a compulsive desire to use the substance or engage in the behavior, even if it is harmful. An example of psychological addiction is addiction to gambling or social media.
The main difference between these two types of addiction is the root cause. Physical addiction is caused by the changes in the body's chemistry, while psychological addiction is caused by emotional and psychological factors. However, in most cases, the two types of addiction may coexist, making it challenging to treat.
Withdrawal from a physical addiction refers to the physical symptoms and psychological changes that occur when a person stops using drugs or alcohol, or reduces their dosage after prolonged and heavy use. The severity of withdrawal symptoms varies depending on the substance used, the duration of use, and the amount of intake, among other factors. Common physical symptoms of withdrawal may include nausea, vomiting, shaking, sweating, seizures, headaches, muscle aches, and fatigue. Psychological symptoms may include anxiety, depression, irritability, and insomnia. Withdrawal from physical addiction can be managed with medical treatment and support to minimize discomfort and increase the chances of successful recovery.
Withdrawal from psychological addiction can result in a range of physical and emotional symptoms, including:
- Cravings: The intense urge or desire to engage in the addictive behavior can be overwhelming.
- Irritability or restlessness: People with addiction may feel anxious or nervous; they may find it challenging to concentrate or relax.
-Mood swings: They may experience sudden shifts in mood, ranging from high emotional states like euphoria to low states like depression.
- Physical symptoms: Common physical withdrawal symptoms include headaches, nausea, sweating, and tremors.
- Insomnia: They may find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep, leading to fatigue and exhaustion.
Withdrawal symptoms from psychological addiction can vary in severity and duration, depending on the person's level of addiction and current mental health condition. It is best to consult with a medical professional and seek appropriate treatment and support.
Knowing what kind of addiction, you’re facing can lead you towards coping and healing mechanisms that are helpful to you. I like to think of it like a Build-a-Bear: identify the elements of your addictions, find what works for you then put it together however you want. Mine is built with gratitude, fellowship, service work, medication, EMDR therapy and journaling.
Disclaimer: I am not a doctor, please confer with a proffessional if you are in need of help.